Noradrenaline-serotonin interactions in the anxiolytic effects of 5-HT1A agonists

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The purpose of this study was to analyse adrenergic and serotonergic interactions in the anxiolytic effects of several 5-HT1A agonists including ipsapirone, buspirone, indorenate and 8-OH-DPAT. To this end, the effects of different closes of the adrenergic compounds clonidine (0.015–0.0625 mg/kg), yohimbine (0.125–0.5 mg/kg), prazosin (0.5–2.0 mg/kg), pindolol (1.55–6.2mg/kg) and practolol (0.25–1.0 mg/kg) on defensive burying behaviour were established. Clonidine (0.015–0.0625 mg/kg), prazosin (1.0 and 2.0 mg/kg), pindolol (1.55 and 6.2 mg/kg) and all 5-HT1A agonists reduced burying behaviour by themselves. In contrast, yohimbine (0.250 and 0.5 mg/kg) increased, while practolol did not modify, this behaviour. Additionally, the actions of yohimbine (0.125 mg/kg), prazosin (0.5 mg/kg), pindolol (3.1 mg/kg) and practolol (0.5 mg/kg) on the effects of ipsapirone (5.0 mg/kg), buspirone (5.0 mg/kg), indorenate (5.0 mg/kg) and 8-OH-DPAT (0.25 mg/kg) were examined. Prazosin enhanced the effects of ipsapirone, indorenate and buspirone, while yohimbine antagonized the actions of indorenate and 8-OH-DPAT. Pindolol enhanced the effects of indorenate while practolol antagonized the actions of ipsapirone, buspirone and 8-OH-DPAT. Only buspirone (5.0 mg/kg) affected motor coordination, an effect that was not counteracted by the antagonists. Based on these data an interaction between 5-HT1A agonists and the noradrenergic system in the regulation of anxiety is proposed.

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