Fatty acid-binding proteins 5 and 7 gene deletion increases sucrose consumption and diminishes forced swim immobility time

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Inhibition and genetic deletion of fatty acid-binding proteins (FABPs) 5 and 7 have been shown to increase the levels of the endocannabinoid anandamide as well as the related N-acylethanolamine’s palmitoylethanolamide and oleoylethanolamide. This study examined the role of these FABPs on forced-swim (FS) behavior and on sucrose consumption in two experiments: (experiment 1) using wild-type (WT) mice treated with the FABP inhibitor SBFI26 or vehicle and (experiment 2) using WT and FABP5/7 deficient mice. Results from experiment 1 showed that acute treatment with SBFI26 did not have any effect on sucrose intake or FS behavior in mice. In experiment 2, male and female FABP5/7 deficient mice showed significant increases in sucrose consumption (25 and 21%, respectively) compared with their WT counterparts. In addition, immobility time during the FS was decreased by 27% in both male and female FABP5/7 knockout mice compared with their WT counterparts. The fact that such differences were seen between the acute pharmacological approach and the genetic approach (gene deletion) of FABP needs to be further investigated. The function of FABPs and their specific effects on endocannabinoid anandamide, oleoylethanolamide, and palmitoylethanolamide may play an important role in the development of reward and mood behaviors and could provide opportunities for potential therapeutic targets.

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