Determination of urinary 6-mercaptopurine and three of its metabolites by HPLC–UV coupled with the iodine–azide reaction

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Background: The presented method is able to determine 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP), 6-thioguanine, 6-mercaptopurine riboside and 6-thioguanine riboside in urine, and is thereby dedicated to control of thiopurine therapy of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Good separation of the mentioned compounds was achieved on a C18 stationary phase with a sodium azide and sodium heptane sulfonate solution, acetonitrile and water at ratio of 50:1:49 (v/v/v). Results: Coefficient of regression is >0.99 for all linearity ranges. LOD and LOQ are 0.3, 0.4, 0.3, 0.8 and 0.4, 0.6, 0.5 and 0.9 nmol/ml of urine for 6-MP, 6-thioguanine, 6-mercaptopurine riboside and 6-thioguanine riboside, respectively. Intra- and inter-day recovery and RSD are close to 100% and less than 10%, respectively, for all investigated thiopurines. Conclusion: The elaborated method was successfully applied for detection and quantitation of 6-MP and its selected metabolites in patients’ urine samples.

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