HbG200-mediated preinduction of heme oxygenase-1 improves bile flow and ameliorates pericentral downregulation of Bsep and Mrp2 following experimental liver ischemia and reperfusion

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We studied the downregulation of hepatobiliary transport systems and the effect of pharmacological heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) preinduction by Hemoglobin-Glutamer 200 (HbG200) in cold ischemia-reperfused rat liver (I/R). Cold I/R reduced bile flow in the reperfusion period from 3.10±0.10 ml/3 h to 0.54±0.20 ml/3 h (p<0.05) and biliary taurocholate excretion from 45.9±13.81 μmol/3 h to 1.87±0.46 μmol/3 h (p<0.05). Mrp2, Bsep and Ntcp peak immunofluorescence in pericentral hepatocytes decreased to 79.0±2.6% (p<0.001), 80.6±8.4% (p<0.05) and 65.8±5.0% (p<0.01), respectively. Pre-induction of HO-1 by HbG200 was largely confined to pericentral hepatocytes. HO-1 induction attenuated the decreased bile flow (0.91±0.16 ml/3 h, p<0.05) and canalicular taurocholate secretion (4.33±1.71 μmol/3 h, p<0.05). Bsep and Mrp2 peak immunofluorescence in pericentral hepatocytes was largely restored. Activation of JNK and Fyn by cold I/R was significantly attenuated by HO-1. Inhibiting HO activity by tin protoporphyrin IX after HbG200 administration reversed the effect on bile flow and canalicular transporter expression. In conclusion, pericentral downregulation of Bsep and Mrp2 following cold I/R is ameliorated by inducing HO-1 and was associated with diminished hepatocellular JNK and Fyn signaling. HO-1 may serve as a therapeutic target to attenuate hepatocellular cholestasis following I/R injury.

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