Inhibition of plasmalemmal Na+/Ca2+ exchange by mitochondrial Na+/Ca2+ exchange inhibitor 7-chloro-5-(2-chlorophenyl)-1,5-dihydro-4,1-benzothiazepin-2(3H)-one (CGP-37157) in cerebellar granule cells

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In the heart, 7-chloro-5-(2-chlorophenyl)-1,5-dihydro-4,1-benzothiazepin-2(3H)-one (CGP-37157) inhibits mitochondrial but not sarcolemmal Na+/Ca2+ exchange. Therefore, CGP-37157 is often used as an experimental tool to study the role of mitochondrial Na+/Ca2+ exchange in Ca2+ homeostasis in various cells, including neurons. However, neurons express several K+-dependent (NCKX) and/or K+-independent (NCX) isoforms of plasmalemmal Na+/Ca2+ exchange not expressed in the sarcolemma. Because it has never been determined whether CGP-37157 inhibits plasmalemmal NCKX and/or NCX isoforms in neurons, we tested this possibility. As an index of NCKX and/or NCX activity, we studied Na-dependent and gramicidin-induced Symbol accumulation in the presence and absence of K+, respectively. In primary cultures of cerebellar granule cells, CGP-37157 with ic50 of 13 μM inhibited over 70% of plasmalemmal NCX activity (P<0.01) but not NCKX activity. Our data suggest that the effects of CGP-37157 on neuronal Ca2+ homeostasis include inhibition of certain plasmalemmal NCX isoform(s). Because cerebellar granule cells robustly express NCX3 transcripts, which are not expressed in the heart, it appears that this isoform may be CGP-37157 sensitive.

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