Inhibitory effect of dietary phenolic compounds onChlamydia pneumoniaein cell cultures

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Chlamydial infections are very common worldwide. All chlamydial species have a tendency to cause persistent infections, which have been associated to several chronic diseases including blinding trachoma, infertility and coronary heart disease (CHD). At present, no efficient treatment for the eradication of chronic chlamydial infections exists and, thus, new antichlamydial compounds are urgently needed. This study was designed to screen antichlamydial activity of natural flavonoids and other natural and structurally similar synthetic compounds against Chlamydia pneumoniae in human cell line (HL).HL cells were infected with C. pneumoniae and incubated 72 h with studied compounds. Reduction in the number of inclusions was determined with immunofluorescence staining. In vitro minimum inhibitory concentration was also determined for some of the most active compounds. Thirty seven percentage of the studied compounds (57 in total) were highly active against C. pneumoniae and all the studied compounds were non-toxic to the host cells at studied concentrations.Our study revealed direct antichlamydial effect for selected polyphenolic compounds against C. pneumoniae, in vitro. We also demonstrated the ability of some of the investigated compounds to accumulate inside cells or into cell membranes and cause inhibition, even when present only prior to infection.

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