Differential processing of antitumour-active and antitumour-inactivetransplatinum compounds by SKOV-3 ovarian cancer cells

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In order to compare the mechanistic properties of the antitumour-active trans platinum complex trans-[PtCl2{Z-HN = C(OMe)Me}(NH3)] (trans-Z) and of the antitumour-inactive isomer of cisplatin trans-[PtCl2(NH3)2] (trans-DDP), the differential processing of the two compounds by SKOV-3 ovarian cancer cells has been investigated. trans-Z and trans-DDP enter cells with the same efficacy, but trans-Z shows a two-fold higher affinity for cellular DNA. The treatment with trans-DDP IC50 determines an initial and transient cytostatic effect, paralleled by a moderate increase of apoptosis and by sequential and reversible arrests in S and G2/M phases of cell-cycle. In contrast, trans-Z IC50 determines an initial cytotoxic effect, a more persistent and marked increase of apoptosis, and a more marked and prolonged arrest in S and G2/M phases of the cell-cycle. Treatment-induced gene expression modifications indicate that phenotypic effects of trans-DDP are driven by an initial and transient up-regulation of some genes related to cell-cycle checkpoint and arrest networks, whereas the more dramatic phenotypic effects of trans-Z are driven by a persistent up-regulation of more numerous genes involved in cell-cycle checkpoint and arrest networks, and in genome stability and DNA repair. Therefore, molecular and cellular events have been identified which are produced by trans-Z but not by trans-DDP, and which likely represent the mechanistic basis of antitumour activity of trans-Z in the SKOV-3 system.

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