Gene expression profiling changes induced by a novel Gemini Vitamin D derivative during the progression of breast cancer


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Abstract

We investigated gene expression changes induced by a novel Gemini Vitamin D3 analog, RO-438-3582 (1α,25-dihydroxy-20S-21(3-hydroxy-3-methyl-butyl)-23-yne-26,27-hexafluoro-cholecalciferol, Ro3582), in a unique human breast MCF10 model. We used two breast epithelial cell lines from this model, namely MCF10AT1 (Ha-ras oncogene transfected MCF10A, early premalignant) and MCF10CA1a (fully malignant and metastatic derived from the MCF10AT1 line). We analyzed gene expression changes induced by Ro3582 using GeneChip technology, quantitative RT-PCR, Western blot analysis, or a gene transcription assay. Interestingly, we found distinct gene expression profile differences between Ro3582-induced response of the early premalignant MCF10AT1 and the malignant and metastatic MCF10CA1a cell lines. Moreover, while the Gemini Vitamin D3 analog Ro3582 modulated the expression of several Vitamin D target genes such as the 24-hydroxylase, CD14, osteocalcin, and osteopontin in both cell lines, Ro3582 regulated many genes involved in cell proliferation and apoptosis, cell adhesion, invasion, angiogenesis as well as cell signaling pathways, such as the BMP and TGF-β systems, differently in the two cell lines. The Gemini Vitamin D3 analog Ro3582 induced more significant gene changes in the early premalignant MCF10AT1 cells than in the malignant metastatic MCF10CA1a cells, suggesting that Gemini Vitamin D3 analogs may be more effective in preventing the progression of an early stage of breast carcinogenesis than in treating late stage breast cancer.

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