Canakinumab: A Guide to Its Use in Acute Gouty Arthritis Flares

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Abstract

Canakinumab (Ilaris®), an anti-interleukin-1β monoclonal antibody, is a novel approach to treat acute gouty arthritis flares in a targeted population of patients in whom treatment options are limited. Relative to on-demand treatment with intramuscular triamcinolone acetonide 40 mg, on-demand treatment with subcutaneous canakinumab 150 mg significantly relieved the pain and inflammation of a new gout flare, and reduced the risk of new flares in patients with acute gouty arthritis flares in whom standard treatment with non-steroidal anti-inflammatories and/or colchicine was inappropriate. Canakinumab has an acceptable tolerability profile in this difficult-to-treat population. The increased risk of infections and neutropenia associated with canakinumab treatment can be minimized by following the recommended precautions.

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