An efficientEscherichia coliexpression system for the production of a functional N-terminal domain of the T1R3 taste receptor

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Abstract

Sweet taste is mediated by a dimeric receptor composed of two distinct subunits, T1R2 and T1R3, whereas the T1R1/T1R3 receptor is involved in umami taste perception. The T1R1, T1R2, and T1R3 subunits are members of the small family of class C G proteincoupled receptors (GPCRs). The members of this family are characterized by a large N-terminal domain (NTD), which is structurally similar to bacterial periplasmic-binding proteins and contains the primary ligand-binding site. In a recent study, we described a strategy to produce a functional dimeric human T1R3-NTD. Although the protein was expressed as inclusion bodies (IBs) using theEscherichia colisystem, the conditions for the refolding of functional hT1R3-NTD were determined using a fractional factorial screen coupled to a binding assay. Here, we report that this refolding strategy can be used to produce T1R1- and T1R2-NTDs in large quantities. We also discuss that our findings could be more generally applicable to other class C GPCR-NTDs, including the γ-aminobutyric acid type B receptor (GABABR), the extracellular calciumsensing receptor (CaSR) and the large family of pheromone (V2R) orphan receptors.

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