Professor Jay Kesan is the Director of the Program in Intellectual Property & Technology Law at the University of Illinois, College of Law (IL, USA). At the Institute of Genomic Biology (CA, USA), he is group leader of the Business, Economics & Law of Genomic Biology theme, and directs research on biofuel law and regulation at the Energy Biosciences Institute. His academic interests are in the areas of technology, law and business, with a specific focus on agricultural biotechnology law and biofuels regulation. Kesan has participated twice in panels at the Federal Trade Commission and the Department of Justice Hearings on the Implications of Competition and Patent Law and Policy, and has also testified about biofuel regulation issues before the US House of Representatives Subcommittee on Energy and Environment, House Committee on Science, Space and Technology. Most recently, Kesan has served as a Thomas A Edison Scholar at the US Patent and Trademark Office. Professor Kesan speaks to Ruth Williamson, Commissioning Editor of Biofuels, about biofuel law and regulation, the challenges in intellectual property and the role of patents in driving biofuel innovation.