ADPredict: ADP-ribosylation site prediction based on physicochemical and structural descriptors

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Motivation:ADP-ribosylation is a post-translational modification (PTM) implicated in several crucial cellular processes, ranging from regulation of DNA repair and chromatin structure to cell metabolism and stress responses. To date, a complete understanding of ADP-ribosylation targets and their modification sites in different tissues and disease states is still lacking. Identification of ADP-ribosylation sites is required to discern the molecular mechanisms regulated by this modification. This motivated us to develop a computational tool for the prediction of ADP-ribosylated sites.Results:Here, we present ADPredict, the first dedicated computational tool for the prediction of ADP-ribosylated aspartic and glutamic acids. This predictive algorithm is based on (i) physicochemical properties, (ii) in-house designed secondary structure-related descriptors and (iii) three-dimensional features of a set of human ADP-ribosylated proteins that have been reported in the literature. ADPredict was developed using principal component analysis and machine learning techniques; its performance was evaluated both internally via intensive bootstrapping and in predicting two external experimental datasets. It outperformed the only other available ADP-ribosylation prediction tool, ModPred. Moreover, a novel secondary structure descriptor, HM-ratio, was introduced and successfully contributed to the model development, thus representing a promising tool for bioinformatics studies, such as PTM prediction.Availability and implementation:ADPredict is freely available at information:Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

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