Promotion of Lipid Oxidation by Selenate and Selenite and Indicators of Lipid Peroxidation in the Rat

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The AIN-93 reformulation of the AIN-76A rodent diet includes a change in selenium supplement from sodium selenite to sodium selenate to reduce dietary lipid peroxidation. A change to selenate as the standard form of Se in rat diets would render results from previous work using selenite less relevant for comparison with studies using the AIN-93 formulation. To critically examine the rationale for the AIN-93 recommendation, we prepared Torula yeast basal diets patterned as closely as possible after the AIN-93 formulation and supplemented with 0, 0.15 (adequate), or 2.0 (high) mg selenium/kg diet as sodium selenite or sodium selenate. Livers isolated from male Sprague– Dawley rats fed these diets for 15 wk showed no differences in thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances or lipid hydroperoxides measured with the ferrous oxidation in xylenol orange method. Lipids isolated from samples of high-selenate and high-selenite diets showed no differences in conjugated dienes. The addition of selenate or selenite to soybean oil did not result in an altered Oil Stability Index. These results demonstrate that selenate is not less likely than selenite to cause oxidation of other dietary components. Benefits of selenate over selenite in the diets of rodents remain to be demonstrated.

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