Phosphate Determination During Hypokinesia and Ambulation in Establishing Phosphate Changes in Trained and Untrained Subjects

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Hypokinesia (diminished movement) induces phosphate (P) changes; however, it is not known if P change is greater in trained than untrained subjects. Measuring P balance and P retention during hypokinesia (HK) and P load, we studied if changes in P retention and P depletion were significantly (p<0.05) greater in trained than untrained subjects. Studies were done during a 30-d pre-HK period and a 364-d HK period. Forty male trained and untrained healthy individuals aged 24.5±5.4 yr were chosen as subjects. All volunteers were equally divided into four groups: trained ambulatory control subjects (TACS), trained hypokinetic subjects (THKS), untrained ambulatory control subjects (UACS), and untrained hypokinetic subjects (UHKS). All THKS and UHKS were limited to an average walking distance of 0.3 km/d, and TACS and UACS were on an average running distance of 9.8 and 1.8 km/d, respectively. Subjects took daily 12.7-mmol dicalcium-phosphate/kg body weight in the form of supplementation.Negative P balance, fecal P loss, urinary P and calcium (Ca) excretion, serum P, and total Ca (Cat) levels increased significantly (p<0.05), whereas P retention, serum 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25 (OH)2D3] and intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) level decreased significantly (p<0.05) in THKS and UHKS when compared with their pre-HK values and their respective ambulatory controls (TACS and UACS). However, P retention, P balance, serum, urinary, and fecal P, and serum hormone level changed significantly (p<0.05) more in THKS than UHKS. Retention of P, fecal P, urinary P and Ca loss, serum P and Cat level, P balance, 1,25(OH)2D3, and iPTH level change insignificantly (p>0.05) in TACS and UACS when compared with their pre-HK control values.It was concluded that significant negative P balance may indicate P depletion, whereas significant P loss in spite of negative P balance and P load may suggest P retention incapacity; however, P depletion was greater in THKS than UHKS. Clearly, P is wasted much more in THKS than UHKS.

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