Empirical bootstrap bias correction and estimation of prediction mean square error in small area estimation

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We develop a method for bias correction, which models the error of the target estimator as a function of the corresponding estimator obtained from bootstrap samples, and the original estimators and bootstrap estimators of the parameters governing the model fitted to the sample data. This is achieved by considering a number of plausible parameter values, generating a pseudo original sample for each parameter and bootstrap samples for each such sample, and then searching for an appropriate functional relationship. Under certain conditions, the procedure also permits estimation of the mean square error of the bias corrected estimator. The method is applied for estimating the prediction mean square error in small area estimation of proportions under a generalized mixed model. Empirical comparisons with jackknife and bootstrap methods are presented.

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