|| Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid
Ignoring the model selection step in inference after selection is harmful. In this paper we study the asymptotic distribution of estimators after model selection using the Akaike information criterion. First, we consider the classical setting in which a true model exists and is included in the candidate set of models. We exploit the overselection property of this criterion in constructing a selection region, and we obtain the asymptotic distribution of estimators and linear combinations thereof conditional on the selected model. The limiting distribution depends on the set of competitive models and on the smallest overparameterized model. Second, we relax the assumption on the existence of a true model and obtain uniform asymptotic results. We use simulation to study the resulting post-selection distributions and to calculate confidence regions for the model parameters, and we also apply the method to a diabetes dataset.