Multiple imputation methods for testing treatment differences in survival distributions with missing cause of failure


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Abstract

SUMMARYWe propose a method for comparing survival distributions when cause-of-failure information is missing for some individuals. We use multiple imputation to impute missing causes of failure, where the probability that a missing cause is that of interest may depend on auxiliary covariates, and combine log-rank statistics computed from several ‘completed’ datasets into a test statistic that achieves asymptotically the nominal level. Simulations demonstrate the relevance of the theory in finite samples.

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