Photosystem 1 and 2 and antioxidant enzyme activities were determined in wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. Sonalika) leaves. Seedlings from both control seeds and seeds soaked in solutions like dithiothreitol, thioglycollic acid and thiourea were subjected to water stress induced by polyethylene glycol. Photosystem 1 and 2 activities were less inhibited by water stress due to seed soaking with sulphydryl compounds. The changes in activities of antioxidant enzymes induced by water stress were higher in seedlings from thiol-pretreated seeds than from water-soaked seeds.