Fusaruside, a natural cerebroside compound, attenuates Con A-induced T-cell dependent hepatitis through regulating the balance of STAT1 and STAT3 signalings.
Dysregulation of signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) signaling is usually associated with intricate immune diseases and rebuilding the balance of STAT1 and STAT3 signaling is being explored as a useful approach for the treatment of these diseases. However, few chemicals have been reported to rebuild the balance of these two signalings for immune hepatitis therapy. In the present study, we found that fusaruside, a new kind of cerebroside isolated from an endophytic fungus Fusarium sp. IFB-121 in Quercus variabilis, significantly ameliorated concanavalin A (Con A)-induced T-cell-mediated fulminant hepatitis in mice, which was closely associated with the improvement of histopathological parameters, inhibition of activation of liver CD4+ T cells and NKT cells, regulation of balance of Th1/Th2/Th17/Treg cytokines and protection of hepatocyte from apoptosis. Moreover, T-cell proliferation and activation was also notably inhibited by fusaruside in vitro. Furthermore, the protective effect of fusaruside was attributable to a novel regulatory mechanism through down-regulating STAT1 activation and T-bet expression in liver CD4+ T cells and up-regulating STAT3 activation and Bcl-XL expression in hepatocytes. In conclusion, fusaruside exhibited its capability against T-cell-mediated liver injury in vivo, through rebuilding the balance of STAT1 and STAT3 signalings. These results suggest that fusaruside is potentially useful for the treatment of T-cell-mediated human liver disorders.