The alpha-v beta-6 (αvβ6) integrin has been identified as playing a key role in the activation of transforming growth factor-β (TGFβ) that is hypothesised to be pivotal in the development of cancer and fibrotic diseases. Therefore, the αvβ6 integrin is an attractive therapeutic target for these debilitating diseases and a drug discovery programme to identify small molecule αvβ6 selective arginyl-glycinyl-aspartic acid (RGD)-mimetics was initiated within GlaxoSmithKline. The primary aim of this study was to pharmacologically characterise the binding to αvβ6 of a novel clinical candidate, compound 1, using a radiolabelled form.
Radioligand binding studies were completed with [3H]compound 1 against the human and mouse soluble protein forms of αvβ6 to determine accurate affinity estimates and binding kinetics. The selectivity of compound 1 for the RGD integrin family was also determined using saturation binding studies (αvβ1, αvβ3, αvβ5, αvβ8, α5β1 and α8β1 integrins) and fibrinogen-induced platelet aggregation (αIIbβ3 integrin). In addition, the relationship between divalent metal cation type and concentration and αvβ6 RGD site binding was also investigated.
Compound 1 has been demonstrated to bind with extremely high affinity and selectivity for the αvβ6 integrin and has the potential as a clinical tool and therapeutic for investigating the role of αvβ6 in a range of disease states both pre-clinically and clinically. In addition, this is the first study that has successfully applied radioligand binding to the RGD integrin field to accurately determine the affinity and selectivity profile of a small molecule RGD-mimetic.