Standardization of the homogeneous mobility shift assay protocol for evaluation of anti-infliximab antibodies. Application of the method to Crohn's disease patients treated with infliximab

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Abstract

Background:

The availability of a quantitative method to measure anti-infliximab (IFX) antibodies (ATI) would facilitate the implementation of therapeutic drug monitoring in clinical decision-making. Our aim was to standardize the homogeneous mobility shift assay (HMSA) used in the measure of ATI levels.

Methods:

In this prospective longitudinal multicenter study, 50 IFX-treated Crohn's disease (CD) patients were followed up for 54 weeks. During this period 360 human serum samples were analysed. Monomeric ATI levels were measured by a quantitative HMSA-method using an anti-IFX calibrator. IFX trough levels measured by ELISA were correlated with ATI levels.

Results:

Using HMSA and a pure anti-idiotypic monoclonal antibody specific for IFX (anti-IFX calibrator), we measured the levels of monomeric ATI generated in Crohn's disease patients treated with IFX. Anti-IFX calibrator allowed to quantify monomeric antibodies against IFX with a low limit of quantification (3 nM). The threshold level of ATI in order to classify the immunogenicity of the patients was 10 nM. We observed that 24% (12/50) of IFX-treated patients developed ATI (>10 nM) during the observation period (54 weeks). Serum concentration of ATI higher than 10 nM dramatically increased the probability (OR = 51.1; 95% CI: 20.4–128.0; p < 0.0001) of presenting low levels of IFX (≤1.5 nM) in serum, as observed in some CD patients treated with standard doses of the drug.

Conclusions:

The HMSA-method described here allows an accurate quantification of ATI concentration in international units (IU) and therefore it could be useful in the study of the relationship between ATI concentration, infliximab level and the clinical response to the drug.

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