Therapeutic angiogenesis using tumor cell-conditioned medium

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Abstract

Stem cell-conditioned medium (CM), which contains angiogenic factors that are secreted by stem cells, represents a potential therapy for ischemic diseases. Along with stem cells, tumor cells also secrete various angiogenic factors. Here, tumor cells as a cell source of CM for therapeutic angiogenesis was evaluated and the therapeutic efficacy of tumor cell CM in mouse hindlimb ischemia models was demonstrated. CM obtained from a human fibrosarcoma HT1080 cell line culture was compared with CM obtained from a human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) culture. HT1080 CM contained higher concentrations of angiogenic factors compared with MSC CM, which was attributable to the higher cell density that resulted from a much faster growth rate of HT1080 cells compared with MSCs. For use in in vitro and in vivo angiogenesis studies, HT1080 CM was diluted such that HT1080 CM and MSC CM would have the same cell number basis. The two types of CMs induced the same extent of human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) proliferation in vitro. The injection of HT1080 CM into mouse ischemic limbs significantly improved capillary density and blood perfusion compared with the injection of fresh medium. Although the therapeutic outcome of HT1080 CM was similar to that of MSC CM, the preparation of CM by tumor cell line culture would be much more efficient due to the faster growth and unlimited life-time of the tumor cell line. These data suggest the potential application of tumor cell CM as a therapeutic modality for angiogenesis and ischemic diseases.

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