Use of deep laryngeal oxygen insufflation during laryngoscopy in children: a randomized clinical trial

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Abstract

Background

Brief periods of haemoglobin oxygen desaturation are common in children during induction of general anaesthesia. We tested the hypothesis that oxygen insufflation during intubation slows desaturation.

Methods

Patients 1–17 yr old undergoing nasotracheal intubation were enrolled and randomly assigned to one of three groups: standard direct laryngoscopy (DL); laryngoscopy with Truview PCD videolaryngoscope (VLO2); or laryngoscopy with an oxygen cannula attached to the side of a standard laryngoscope (DLO2). The co-primary outcomes were time to 1% reduction in (SpO2) from baseline, and the slope of overall desaturation vs time. All three groups were compared against each other.

Results

Data from 457 patients were available for the final analysis: 159 (35%) DL; 145 (32%) DLO2; and 153 (33%) VLO2. Both VLO2 and DLO2 were superior to DL in both time to a 1% reduction in (SpO2) from baseline and the overall rate of desaturation (all P<0.001). The 25th percentile (95% confidence interval) of time to a 1% saturation decrease was 30 (24, 39) s for DL, 67 (35, 149) s for DLO2 and 75 (37, 122) s for VLO2. Mean desaturation slope was 0.13 (0.11, 0.15)% s−1 for DL, 0.04 (0.02, 0.06)% s−1 for DLO2 and 0.03 (0.004, 0.05)% s−1 for VLO2. We did not find a correlation between decrease in (SpO2) percentage and BMI or age.

Conclusions

Laryngeal oxygen insufflation increases the time to 1% desaturation and reduces the overall rate of desaturation during laryngoscopy in children.

Clinical trial registration

NCT01886807.

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