Effects of resuscitation with human albumin 5%, hydroxyethyl starch 130/0.4 6%, or crystalloid on kidney damage in an ovine model of septic shock

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Abstract

Background:

Colloid solutions have been associated with kidney dysfunction in septic animals and humans. The present study investigated the influence of resuscitation with human albumin (HA) 5%, hydroxyethyl starch (HES) 130/0.4 6%, and balanced crystalloids on ultrastructural kidney damage, kidney function, and survival in a model of ovine septic shock.

Methods:

After induction of peritoneal septic shock, animals were randomised to one of the following groups: (1) HA 5%, (2) HES 130/0.4 6%, (3) balanced crystalloid, and (4) control (each n=10). Causal therapy included re-laparotomy, peritoneal lavage, and antimicrobial therapy. Sequential kidney biopsies were obtained for the assessment of the electron microscopic tubular injury (EMTI) score.

Results:

Serum creatinine and urea were highest in the control group, and there were no differences between the intervention groups. Cumulative diuresis was significantly higher in the HA group [1.0 ml kg−1 h−1 (0.6; 1.2)] compared with control [0.7 ml kg−1 h−1 (0.6; 0.9), P<0.05]. Creatinine clearance was highest in the HA and crystalloid groups. Ultrastructural kidney damage was highest in the control group [EMTI score 7.8 (6.7; 9.0)] without differences between intervention groups. Survival was 100% in the colloid groups vs 90% (crystalloid) and 60% (control, all P<0.05).

Conclusion:

In an ovine model of septic shock, kidney function and cumulative diuresis were preserved in the 5% albumin and crystalloid resuscitation groups, whereas HES 130/0.4 6% resulted in diminished creatinine clearance. Differences in kidney function between resuscitation fluids could not be explained by differences in ultrastructural kidney damage.

Clinical trial registration:

84-02.04.2011.A300.

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