We aimed to investigate the effects of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) on paracetamol (acetaminophen) glucuronidation.METHODS
The inhibition of nine small molecule TKIs on paracetamol glucuronidation was investigated in human liver microsomes (HLMs) and recombinant human UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs).RESULTS
Sorafenib, dasatinib and imatinib exhibited mixed inhibition against paracetamol glucuronidation in pooled HLMs, and potent inhibition in UGT1A9 and UGT2B15. Dasatinib and imatinib also inhibited UGT1A1-mediated paracetamol glucuronidation. Axitinib, erlotinib, gefitinib, lapatinib, nilotinib and vandetanib exhibited weak inhibition of paracetamol glucuronidation activity in HLMs.CONCLUSIONS
The inhibition of paracetamol glucuronidation by TKIs might be of particular concern when they are co-administered.