Lopinavir/ritonavir population pharmacokinetics in neonates and infants

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Abstract

AIMS

Because of immature hepatic metabolism, lopinavir could present specific pharmacokinetics in the first weeks of life. We aimed at determining the optimal dosing regimen in neonates and infants weighing 1 to 10.5 kg.

METHODS

Lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r) pharmacokinetics were studied in 96 infants using a population approach.

RESULTS

A one-compartment model described LPV/r pharmacokinetics. Normalized to a 70 kg adult using allometry, clearance (CL/F) and distribution volume (V/F) estimates were 5.87 l h−1 70 kg−1 and 91.7 l 70 kg−1. The relative bioavailabilty, F, increased with post-menstrual age (PMA) and reached 50% of the adult value at 39.7 weeks.

CONCLUSIONS

Size and PMA explained some CL/F and V/F variability in neonates/infants. Based upon trough concentration limitations, suggested LPV/r dosing regimens were 40 mg 12 h−1, 80 mg 12 h−1 and 120 mg 12 h−1 in the 1–2 kg, 2–6 kg and 6–10 kg group, respectively.

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