Evaluating renal function and age as predictors of amikacin clearance in neonates: model-based analysis and optimal dosing strategies

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Abstract

Aims

We aimed to compare the performance of renal function and age as predictors of inter-individual variability (IIV) in clearance of amikacin in neonates through parallel development of population pharmacokinetic (PK) models and their associated impact on optimal dosing regimens.

Methods

Amikacin concentrations were retrospectively collected for 149 neonates receiving amikacin (post-natal age (PNA) between 4–89 days). Two population PK models were developed in parallel, considering at least as predictors current body weight (WT), in combination with either creatinine clearance (CLcr) or age descriptors. Using stochastic simulations for both renal function or age-based dosing, we identified optimal dosing strategies that were based on attainment of optimal peak- (PCC) and trough target concentration coverage (TCC) windows associated with efficacy and toxicity.

Results

The CLcr and age-based population PK models both included current body weight (WT) on CL, central distribution volume and intercompartmental clearance, in combination with either CLcr or PNA as predictors for IIV of clearance (CL). The WT-CLcr model explained 6.9% more IIV in CL compared with the WT-PNA model. Both models successfully described an external dataset (n = 53) of amikacin PK. The simulation analysis of optimal dose regimens suggested similar performance of either CLcr or PNA based dosing.

Conclusion

CLcr predicted more IIV in CL, but did not translate into clinically relevant improvements of target concentrations. Our optimized dose regimens can be considered for further evaluation to optimize initial treatment with amikacin.

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