The t(16;21)(p11;q22) translocation is an infrequent chromosomal abnormality, but seems specific to acute non-lymphocytic leukaemia (ANLL). We established two cell lines with t(16;21)(p11;q22) from the bone marrow of a patient with ANLL in relapse. Their morphological, karyotypic, immunohistochemical and genetic features are examined. Although both cell lines show monocytoid features morphologically, they express only CD13 (My7) and CD34, and neither expressed monocytoid or lymphoid markers. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction showed that both cells lines expressed a similar TLS-ERG chimaeric mRNA as a result of the t(16;21)(p11;q22) translocation. As far as we know, there is no report of a leukaemia cell line with t(16;21). These cell lines represent a useful tool for leukaemia research.