T-large granular lymphocyte leukaemia with natural killer cell-like cytotoxicity and expression of two different α- and β-T-cell receptor chains

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We describe a case of cytotoxic T-large granular lymphocyte leukaemia showing typical morphological features, expressing antigens characteristic for cytotoxic T cells and exhibiting marked natural killer-like cytotoxicity towards different target cells. Moreover, characterization of the T-cell receptors revealed simultaneous expression of two different types of β-chains as well as α-chains by the malignant cell clone. The patient had an 8 year history of indolent disease, before progressing to an aggressive clinical course hardly responsive to chemotherapeutic treatment. This is the first description of a peripheral T-cell neoplasm expressing four distinct types of T-cell receptor molecules.

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