Transporter associated protein expression in uveal melanoma

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Background/aim:

Transporter associated protein (TAP) is important for presenting peptides to major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I molecules. Defects in TAP lead to decreased MHC class I expression. The immunoexpression of human leucocyte antigen (HLA) class I molecules and the TAP1 subunit were studied in primary uveal melanomas and correlated with the cell types and extrascleral extension.

Methods:

The HLA class I antigen and TAP1 subunit were analysed by immunoperoxidase staining with monoclonal antibodies on 45 primary uveal melanoma archival specimens. The tumours were divided into two groups—group A: tumours with no extrascleral extension; group B tumours with extrascleral extension/liver metastasis. Immunoanalysis was done by a semiquantitative method.

Results:

HLA class I antigen and TAP1 were decreased in 35 of 35 tumours with no extrascleral extension and positive in six of 10 tumours with liver metastasis. Decreased immunoexpression of HLA class I antigen and TAP1 in uveal melanomas with no extrascleral extension was significant (p<0.001). HLA class I antigen and TAP1 were negative in spindle cell melanomas (p<0.001).

Conclusions:

HLA class I antigen and TAP1 expression were decreased in uveal melanomas with no extrascleral extension and in spindle cell melanomas. Decreased expression of TAP1 may lead to decreased expression of HLA class I antigen in uveal melanomas. This preliminary observation deserves further investigation, which may shed more light on the immune escape mechanisms of this tumour and thus enable novel therapeutic strategies.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles