AbstractBackground and purpose:
Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), a capsaicin-sensitive neuromodulator of splanchnic vascular tone in several animal species, remains poorly investigated in mouse models. We therefore assessed whether endogenous CGRP is a non-adrenergic/non-cholinergic (NANC) neuromodulator in the mesenteric vascular bed of the mouse.Experimental approach:
Arterial and venous changes in perfusion pressure in response to perivascular nerve stimulation (PNS) were monitored in the mouse mesenteric bed under basal conditions or precontracted with KCl (artery) or U46619 (vein) in circuits pretreated with guanethidine, atropine, indomethacin and prazosin. Arterial responses to NANC were also characterized with a CGRP1 antagonist, hαCGRP8−37. Finally, the PNS-induced release of arterial CGRP was measured by enzyme immunoassay.Key results:
HαCGRP8−37 enhanced PNS-induced arterial increases in perfusion pressure under basal tone. PNS-induced stimulation of NANC triggered an hαCGRP8−37 or capsaicin- sensitive reduction in perfusion pressure of the pre-contracted arterial bed only. Chemical removal of the endothelium inhibited PNS- and hαCGRP- induced reduction in perfusion pressure in the arterial mesenteric bed. Responses to NANC nerves were reduced by guanylate and adenylate cyclase inhibitors (1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazole[4,3-a] quinoxalin-1-one (ODQ)) and [9-(tetrahydro-2-furanyl)-9H-purin-6-amine] (SQ 22 536), respectively. A neuronal NOS inhibitor (7-nitroindazole; 7-NI) also enhanced the response to NANC in vessels from wild-type, eNOS KO but not iNOS KO mice. Finally, PNS enhanced the release of immunoreactive CGRP from the perfused arterial mesenteric bed.Conclusions and implications:
Our study demonstrates a role for CGRP in the NANC-dependent reduction in perfusion pressure of the arterial but not venous mesenteric bed of the mouse.