AbstractBACKGROUND AND PURPOSE
5-HT3 receptors are composed of 5-HT3A subunits (homomeric receptors), or combinations of 5-HT3A and other 5-HT3 receptor subunits (heteromeric receptors, the best studied of which are 5-HT3AB receptors). Here we explore the effects of partial agonists at 5-HT3A and 5-HT3AB receptors, and the importance of a channel-lining residue in determining the efficacy of activation.EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH
Wild type and mutant 5-HT3A and 5-HT3AB receptors were expressed in Xenopus oocytes and examined using two-electrode voltage-clamp, or expressed in HEK293 cells and examined using [3H]granisetron binding.KEY RESULTS
Dopamine, quipazine and VUF10166 were partial agonists at wild type 5-HT3A and 5-HT3AB receptors, with quipazine and VUF10166 causing a long-lived (>20 min) inhibition of subsequent agonist responses. At 5-HT3A receptors, mCPBG was a partial agonist, but was a superagonist at 5-HT3AB receptors, as it produced a response 2.6× greater than that of 5-HT. A T6's substitution in the 5-HT3A subunit decreased EC50 and increased Rmax of dopamine and quipazine at both homomeric and heteromeric receptors. The greatest changes were seen with VUF10166 at 5-HT3AT6'sB receptors, where it became a full agonist (EC50 = 7 nM) with an EC50 58-fold less than 5-HT (EC50 = 0.4 μM) and no longer caused inhibition of subsequent agonist responses.CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS
These results indicate that a mutation in the pore lining domain in both 5-HT3A and 5-HT3AB receptors alters the relative efficacy of a series of agonists, changing some (e.g. quipazine) from apparent antagonists to potent and efficacious agonists.