The pharmacodynamics, safety and pharmacokinetics of single doses of the motilin agonist, camicinal, in type 1 diabetes mellitus with slow gastric emptying

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE

Here we have investigated the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics and safety of single doses of camicinal in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) patients with a history of slow gastric emptying with symptoms consistent with gastroparesis.

EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH

In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, incomplete block, three-period, two-centre crossover study, patients received oral administration of placebo and two of the three possible doses of camicinal (25, 50 or 125 mg). Gastric emptying (13C-octanoic acid breath test), pharmacokinetics and safety were primary outcomes.

KEY RESULTS

Nine of the 10 patients enrolled completed the study. Gastric half-emptying time decreased by −95 min (95% CI: −156.8, −34.2) after a single dose of camicinal 125 mg compared with placebo (52 vs. 147 min, P < 0.05), representing a 65% improvement. A decrease of the gastric half-emptying time compared with placebo (approximately 39 min) was observed with camicinal 25 and 50 mg, representing a 27% reduction for both doses (not statistically significant). A positive exposure–response relationship was demonstrated across all doses. The effects of camicinal on gastric half-emptying time were not influenced by fasting glucose levels. Single doses up to 125 mg were well tolerated. Camicinal was well absorbed, exhibiting linear and approximately dose-proportional pharmacokinetic characteristics and a clear exposure–response relationship with gastric emptying.

CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS

Camicinal significantly accelerated gastric emptying of solids in T1DM patients following administration of a single oral dose. Camicinal was well tolerated and exhibited similar pharmacokinetic characteristics in diabetic patients to those previously reported in healthy volunteers.

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