ONE-YEAR FOLLOW-UP PROSPECTIVE EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY OF INJURY TYPES IN THE KOREA LADIES PROFESSIONAL GOLFERS, 2015 SEASON

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Abstract

Background

There are limited numbers of prospective epidemiological study regarding injuries of women professional golfers in Korea.

Objective

To analyse types of injury of women golf player in different tour levels (ie, Division I, II and III tour).

Design

Prospective epidemiological study.

Setting

The Yonsei Institute of Sports Science and Exercise Medicine Injury Surveillance System (YISSEM ISS) questionnaire survey was used to collect epidemiological data of Korean Women professional golfer. Division I, II and III tour golfers were participated in this study.

Patients (or Participants)

A total of 388 professional golfers who participated in the 2015 KLPGA tour.

Interventions (or Assessment of Risk Factors)

Injuries sustained as a professional golfer.

Main Outcome Measurements

Main outcomes related golf injuries were golfers' injury rate sustained during the year, time of injury, body part injured, type of injury. Frequency and Chi-square analysis was used to evaluate rate of golf-related injury.

Results

The injury rate was greater in division I tour (79.4%) than II (68.1%) and III (72.1%) tour. The golfer were most likely to injured both in-season and preseason (51.4%) followed by solely in-season (44%), and solely preseason (4.6%). The most common injured body part was the wrist/forearm/elbow (I:23%, II:26%, III:27%), closely followed by the low back (I:22%, II:23%, III:23%), and shoulder/upper arm (I:21%, II:19%, III:21%). The type of the most common injury was the tendinitis or inflammation (I:35%, II:37%, III:37%), followed by the ligament sprain (I:22%, II:21%, III:23%), and muscle-tendon strain (I:19%, II:19%, III:14%).

Conclusions

The injuries in golf are most likely sustained in the wrist/forearm/elbow and low back region during swing. Injury types of KLPGA golfer were not significantly associated with tour levels. Analysis of golf injury during multiple years may provide better information to prevent injury.

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