THE USE AND MODIFICATION OF INJURY PREVENTION EXERCISES BY PROFESSIONAL YOUTH SOCCER TEAMS

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Background

The efficacy of injury prevention exercise programs (IPEPs) for amateur youth soccer has been established, but little is known about their adaptability to other soccer populations.

Objective

This study aimed to assess the use of individual injury prevention exercises by professional youth soccer teams, against the industry-standard, FIFA 11+ program.

Design

Prospective observational study.

Setting

A European professional youth soccer academy.

Participants

Soccer coaches, fitness coaches and physiotherapists (n=18) from four teams.

Data collection

The teams' chosen IPEPs (total 160 sessions) were observed across one season and documented on a standardized form. The use of each FIFA 11+ exercise was coded as “performed” (in its original form), “performed modified” or “not performed”.

Main Outcome Measurements

The primary outcome measure was the proportion of the 160 observed sessions containing each individual exercise in original or modified forms. The secondary outcome measure was the staff members' reasons for using and modifying FIFA 11+ exercises.

Results

On average, individual FIFA 11+ exercises were conducted in original form in 12% of the sessions (range 0–33%), and in modified form in 28% of sessions (range 2–62%). The five most frequently observed exercises, in either original or modified form, were “bench” (72%), “squats” (69%),“running straight” (68%), “single-leg stance” (66%), and “sideways bench” (64%). Staff modified exercises to add variation, progression, and individualization, and to align with specific training formats and goals.

Conclusions

Professional youth soccer teams often use injury prevention exercises similar to those in the FIFA 11+, but tailor them considerably to fit their implementation context. These findings will inform the design and delivery of future, context-specific IPEPs.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles