The urologist's role in multidisciplinary management of placenta percreta

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Abstract

Objective

To evaluate urological interventions in patients with placental adhesive disorders in our collaborative experience at a tertiary referral centre.

Patients and Methods

We performed a retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected data set, consisting of all women that presented with placental adhesive disorders at the Royal Women's Hospital from August 2009 to September 2013. Patients who required urological intervention were identified and perioperative details were retrieved.

Results

Of the 49 women that presented with placental adhesive disorders, 36 (73.5%) underwent urological interventions. The patients were divided into three groups: planned hysterectomy (37 patients), planned conservative management (five) and undiagnosed placenta percreta (seven). In the planned hysterectomy group, 29 patients underwent preoperative cystoscopy and ureteric catheter placement. In 10 patients (34%), the placenta partially invaded the bladder and/or ureter, requiring urological repair. In the conservative management group, four underwent preoperative cystoscopy and ureteric catheter placement, and one case required closure of a cystotomy. Of the seven patients with undiagnosed percreta, two were noted to have bladder involvement requiring repair at the time of Caesarean hysterectomy.

Conclusion

Patients with placental adhesive disorders frequently require urological intervention to prevent or repair injury to the urinary tract. These cases are best managed in specialist centres with multidisciplinary expertise including urologists and interventional radiologists.

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