Occipital condylar fractures: REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE AND CASE REPORT

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Abstract

Fractures of the occipital condyle are rare. Their prompt diagnosis is crucial since there may be associated cranial nerve palsies and cervical spinal instability. The fracture is often not visible on a plain radiograph. We report the case of a 21-year-old man who sustained an occipital condylar fracture without any associated cranial nerve palsy or further injuries. We have also reviewed the literature on this type of injury, in order to assess the incidence, the mechanism and the association with head and cervical spinal injuries as well as classification systems, options for treatment and outcome.

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