Association of renin–angiotensin system genes polymorphisms and risk of premature ST elevation myocardial infarction in young Mexican population

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The renin–angiotensin system plays an important role in the regulation of blood pressure and the development of coronary artery disease. The aim was to examine the association of the insertion deletion in the angiotensin-converting enzyme gene, M235T and T174M polymorphisms in the angiotensinogen gene with ST elevation acute myocardial infarction (STEAMI) in young Mexican population. We analyzed 242 unrelated patients with STEAMI 45 or less years of age, admitted to a cardiovascular intense care unit, and 242 individuals without STEAMI matched by age and sex, recruited from January 2006 and June 2013. The polymorphisms insertion deletion, M235T and T174M were determined in all participants by a polymerase chain-reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism assay. There was a significant difference in the insertion deletion genotype distribution between two groups (P = 0.03) and a higher percentage of the T allele M235T polymorphism in the group of STEAMI patients (P = 0.02). The T174M polymorphism was not associated (P = 0.08). The insertion deletion and M235T polymorphisms, smoking, hypertension, familial history of cardiovascular disease and dyslipidemia were independent risk factors for STEAMI. Our results identified that the D allele from the insertion deletion and M235T but not T174M polymorphisms represent an independent risk factor for STEAMI in young Mexican population.

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