Management of heavy menstrual bleeding during direct oral anticoagulant therapy for recurrent venous thromboembolism: a case report

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A high risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) recurrence requires extended anticoagulation but limits the options to control heavy menstrual bleeding (HMB) in women of reproductive age. We report the management of HMB in a 48-year-old woman with a history of menometrorrhagia, recurrent VTE and multiple VTE risk factors. Due to the occurrence of HMB during extended rivaroxaban treatment, the presence of a uterine fibroid and the contraindication to interrupt anticoagulation for high risk of VTE recurrence, she received hormonal treatment first with a gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist and then with progestin. This strategy allowed to adequately control HMB, without rivaroxaban discontinuation or dose reduction, and no new thromboembolic and no more bleeding events occurred over a long follow-up period of more than 20 months. In conclusion, the use of hormonal therapy in VTE women requiring long-term anticoagulation may be an option to control HMB, without further increasing the risk of VTE recurrence.

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