Comparison of a new criteria for sepsis-induced coagulopathy and International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis disseminated intravascular coagulation score in critically ill patients with sepsis 3.0: a retrospective study


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Abstract

Recently, new criteria for sepsis-induced coagulopathy (SIC) were developed, including the sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) criteria. The objective of this study was to evaluate the new SIC criteria in patients diagnosed with sepsis 3.0. Data from patients diagnosed with sepsis 3.0 after ICU admission were retrospectively obtained from July 2013 to June 2014. Relevant demographic, clinical, and laboratory parameters were noted. This study included 252 patients. The International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH) disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), modified ISTH-DIC, and SIC scores were higher among nonsurvivors (P < 0.0001). The Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (P < 0.001), ISTH (P = 0.001), modified ISTH (P = 0.001), and SIC scores (P = 0.007) were independent predictors of ICU mortality. Using the receiver operating characteristic curve, SOFA had the greatest power for predicting ICU mortality; ISTH or modified ISTH score had greater predictive power than the SIC score. There were strong correlations between SIC score and ISTH (P < 0.0001), modified ISTH (P < 0.0001), the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (P = 0.012), and SOFA (P < 0.0001) scores. More nonsurvivors were diagnosed with DIC using the ISTH and modified ISTH criteria (P < 0.001). In contrast, there was no significant difference in the proportion of patients with SIC between both groups (P = 0.055). ISTH score, modified ISTH score, and SIC score were independent risk factors for ICU mortality. Compared with the ISTH and modified ISTH scores, SIC score showed no advantage in diagnosing sepsis-associated coagulopathy or DIC. The application of these three criteria in patients with sepsis 3.0 needs further evaluation.

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