A magnetic resonance perspective of the pulse wave transit time by the Arteriograph device and potential for improving aortic length estimation for central pulse wave velocity

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Abstract

Background

Simple reproducible methods of measuring arterial stiffness, a powerful index of prognosis, are becoming available.

Aim

To compare the pulse wave transit time (TT) and pulse wave velocity (PWV) between MRI and an arm cuff-based oscillometric method, the Arteriograph.

Materials and methods

MRI phase-contrast data were acquired at the aortic arch and just above the aortic bifurcation in 49 men (age 53±6 years). Supine left-arm Arteriograph measurements were made after MRI using the surface sternal notch to symphysis pubis pathway length.

Results

MRI TT and PWV covered 86% of aortic root-bifurcation length omitting a mean 4.7 cm of proximal ascending aorta. Arteriograph TT (71±9 ms) was 6.6 ms [95% confidence interval (CI) 3.9–9.4] or 10% higher than MRI (64±10 ms). Arteriograph PWV (7.9±1.3 m/s) was 1.33 m/s (95% CI 0.95–1.70) higher than MRI (6.6±1.2 m/s), primarily because the surface aortic length was 70 mm (95% CI 59–81) longer than MRI. Arteriograph–MRI PWV difference decreased to 0.31 m/s (95% CI 0.01–0.61) when Arteriograph PWV was calculated using the MRI aortic path length and to 0.25 m/s (95% CI −0.05 to 0.55) after correcting for the aortic segments omitted in the MRI method. After similar TT corrections for MRI, the Arteriograph–MRI difference in TT reduced to 3.2 ms (95% CI 0.2–6).

Conclusion

TT estimations by Arteriograph and MRI are close. More accurate length estimation from MRI-derived models improves Arteriograph PWV measurement.

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