Bleeding from oesophageal varices in pregnancy

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid


Bleeding from oesophageal varices is the most fearful event in pregnant women with cirrhosis and is the main cause of death in this group. Its approach and treatment are controversial, with ligation, sclerosis and β-blockers as possible choices. Follow-up must be multidisciplinary and delivery programmed because of the high risk of bleeding. Delivery route is also controversial. We present a case of a pregnant woman, with alcoholic cirrhosis and upper tract bleeding during the second trimester of pregnancy. She was submitted to an oesophagogastroduodenoscopy (OGD), which revealed varices grade II/III in the lower third of the oesophagus. She was transfused and was haemodynamically stable. It was decided not to start β-blockers. The pregnancy went well, with regular follow-up in obstetrics and hepatology. A deficiency of α-1 antitrypsin was detected. Delivery was programmed at 39 weeks of gestation, and a caesarean section was performed, with good maternal and fetal outcome.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles