Introduction
LUMBAR DISC DEGENERATION
HISTOLOGY AND PATHOLOGY OF THE HUMAN INTERVERTEBRAL DISC
IMAGING INTERVERTEBRAL DISC DEGENERATION
LUMBAR DISC DISORDERS AND LOW-BACK PAIN
EXTRACELLULAR MATRIX IN DISC DEGENERATION
NUTRIENT SUPPLY AND INTERVERTEBRAL DISC METABOLISM
MODELING CHANGES IN INTERVERTEBRAL DISC MECHANICS WITH DEGENERATION
EFFECTS OF MECHANICAL LOADING ON INTERVERTEBRAL DISC METABOLISM IN VIVO
CELL DEFORMATION AND MICROMECHANICAL ENVIRONMENT IN THE INTERVERTEBRAL DISC
MECHANOBIOLOGY OF THE INTERVERTEBRAL DISC AND RELEVANCE TO DISC DEGENERATION
BASIC SCIENCE OF PAIN
PAIN GENERATION IN LUMBAR AND CERVICAL FACET JOINTS
PATHOLOGY AND POSSIBLE MECHANISMS OF NERVOUS SYSTEM RESPONSE TO DISC DEGENERATION
BIOLOGIC MARKERS AND DISC DEGENERATION
INNERVATION, INFLAMMATION, AND HYPERMOBILITY MAY CHARACTERIZE PATHOLOGIC DISC DEGENERATION
BIOLOGIC MODIFICATION OF ANIMAL MODELS OF INTERVERTEBRAL DISC DEGENERATION
RELEVANCE OF IN VITRO AND IN VIVO MODELS FOR INTERVERTEBRAL DISC DEGENERATION
POTENTIAL BIOLOGIC THERAPIES FOR THE INTERVERTEBRAL DISC
WEAR PARTICLES
TEST PROTOCOLS FOR EVALUATION OF SPINAL IMPLANTS
DIRECTIONS FOR FUTURE RESEARCH