Introduction
Growth and Maturation of the Spine from Birth to Adolescence
Growth Considerations of the Immature Spine
Maturity Indicators in Spinal Deformity
Natural History of Early Onset Scoliosis
Medical and Congenital Comorbidities Associated with Spinal Deformities in the Immature Spine
Management Themes in Early Onset Scoliosis
Management of Juvenile Idiopathic Scoliosis
Formation Errors of the Vertebral Column
Management Themes in Congenital Scoliosis
Infection and Tumors of the Spine in Children
Pediatric Spine Trauma
Thoracic Insufficiency Syndrome and Exotic Scoliosis
The Immature Spine in Type-1 Neurofibromatosis
Spinal Deformity Secondary to Impaired Neurologic Control
Spine Deformity in Spinal Muscular Atrophy
Scoliosis in Patients with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
Early Onset Scoliosis