Disseminated adenoviral infection (AI) is associated with profound immunosuppression and poor outcome after allogeneic hematopoietic SCT (allo-HSCT). A better understanding of AI in allo-HSCT recipients can serve as a basis to develop more effective management strategies. We evaluated all adult patients who received allo-HSCT at MD Anderson Cancer Center between 1999 and 2008. Among the 2879 allo-HSCT patients, 73 (2.5%) were diagnosed with AI. Enteritis (26%) and pneumonia (24%) were the most common clinical manifestations; pneumonia was the most common cause of adenovirus-associated death. A multivariable Bayesian logistic regression showed that when the joint effects of all covariates were accounted for, cord blood transplant, absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) ≤200/mm3 and male gender were associated with a higher probability of disseminated AI. The OS was significantly worse for patients with AI that was disseminated rather than localized (median of 5 months vs median of 28 months, P<0.001) and for patients with ALC ≤200/mm3 (P<0.001). Disseminated AI, in patients who received allo-HSCT, is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Strategies for early diagnosis and intervention are essential, especially for high-risk patients.
Bone Marrow Transplantation (2013) 48, 1218–1223;