Allogeneic stem cell transplantation for patients with mantle cell lymphoma who failed autologous stem cell transplantation: a national survey of the SFGM-TC

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Poly-chemotherapy plus rituximab followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (auto-SCT) is standard care for untreated young patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). Despite this intensive treatment, transplant patients remain highly susceptible to relapse over time. The French SFGM-TC performed a national survey on reduced-intensity conditioning allogeneic stem cell transplantation (RIC-allo-SCT) for fit relapsed/refractory patients who failed after auto-SCT (n = 106). Median times of relapse after auto-SCT, and from auto-SCT to RIC-allo-SCT were 28 months and 3.6 years, respectively. Sixty per cent of patients received at least three lines of treatment before RIC-allo-SCT. Conditioning regimens for RIC-allo-SCT were heterogeneous. Twenty patients experienced grade III/IV aGvHD, extensive cGvHD was reported in 28 cases. Median follow-up after RIC-allo-SCT was 45 months. Median PFS after RIC-allo-SCT was 30.1 months and median overall survival was 62 months. Treatment-related mortality (TRM) at 1 year and 3 years were estimated at 28% and 32%, respectively. A total of 52 patients died; major causes of death were related to toxicity (n = 34) and MCL (n = 11). Patients in good response before RIC-allo-SCT experienced a better PFS and OS. Our work highlights the need for new RIC-allo-SCT MCL-tailored approaches to reduce TRM, and early and late relapse.

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