Brentuximab vedotin in combination with or without donor lymphocyte infusion for patients with Hodgkin lymphoma after allogeneic stem cell transplantation

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In our study, we evaluated the safety and efficacy of Brentuximab vedotin (BV) with or without the addition of donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) in 16 patients with advanced Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). Thirteen patients with relapsed HL after allo-SCT received BV as treatment for active disease. Three patients without progression of HL after allo-SCT received BV as consolidation. Twelve patients had been previously exposed to BV for treatment of relapse after autologous-SCT. Ten out of 16 patients received BV in combination with DLI. Among the 13 patients treated for active disease, CR and PR was observed in 7 and 2 patients, respectively. With a median follow-up of 13 months, 13 out of 16 patients are alive, while 3 died because of disease progression. The median PFS was 6 months. DLI-associated GVHD occurred in seven patients. Five patients with GVHD required immunosuppression, and in all cases, GVHD resolved after a short course of low dose steroids, implying that an anti-GVHD modulating effect could be induced by the concurrent administration of BV. No serious adverse event was observed in any of the patients.

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