Brain activation associated with practiced left hand mirror writing

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Abstract

Highlights

★ Left hand mirror writing (lh-MW) of healthy subjects improves with training. ★ A right hemisphere network for motor-language skills emerges after limited practice. ★ Lh-MW may be a latent ability acquired in parallel with canonical handwriting. ★ MRI compatible recording system for handwriting with real-time visual feedback.

Mirror writing occurs in healthy children, in various pathologies and occasionally in healthy adults. There are only scant experimental data on the underlying brain processes.

Eight, right-handed, healthy young adults were scanned (BOLD-fMRI) before and after practicing left-hand mirror-writing (lh-MW) over seven sessions. They wrote dictated words, using either the right hand with regularly oriented writing or lh-MW. An MRI compatible stylus-point recording system was used and online visual feedback was provided.

Practice resulted in increased speed and readability of lh-MW but the number of movement segments was unchanged. Post-training signal increases occurred in visual, right lateral and medial premotor areas, and in right anterior and posterior peri-sylvian areas corresponding to language areas.

These results suggest that lh-MW may constitute a latent ability that can be reinstated by a relatively brief practice experience. Concurrently, right hemisphere language processing areas may emerge, reflecting perhaps a reduction in trans-hemispheric suppression.

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