The present study was designed to compare alterations of endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation in coronary epicardial arteries and subendocardial arterioles occurring in left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) secondary to 60 days of aortic banding in a porcine model.
Development of LVH was documented by echocardiogram and the endothelial function of subendocardial and epicardial vessels was studied by constructing concentration-response curves in a pressure myograph and standard organ chambers, respectively. 5-HT induced relaxations were reduced (p < 0.05) in both vessel types isolated from pigs with LVH. Dilations of subendocardial arterioles and epicardial vessels to UK14304 were depressed by LVH. In the presence of Nω-nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA), EDHF solely accounts for BK-induced relaxations; it fully compensates for the loss of NO in arterioles, but only partially in epicardial arteries isolated from LVH swine. Endothelium-independent relaxations induced by SNP were not altered in both vessel types from the LVH group.
In a porcine model of LVH secondary to 60 days of aortic banding, the associated coronary endothelial dysfunction preferentially involves Gi-protein mediated relaxations in arterioles and arteries but also affects Gq-protein mediated relaxations in epicardial coronary arteries.