Alterations in the endothelial G-protein coupled receptor pathway in epicardial arteries and subendocardial arterioles in compensated left ventricular hypertrophy

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid


The present study was designed to compare alterations of endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation in coronary epicardial arteries and subendocardial arterioles occurring in left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) secondary to 60 days of aortic banding in a porcine model.

Development of LVH was documented by echocardiogram and the endothelial function of subendocardial and epicardial vessels was studied by constructing concentration-response curves in a pressure myograph and standard organ chambers, respectively. 5-HT induced relaxations were reduced (p < 0.05) in both vessel types isolated from pigs with LVH. Dilations of subendocardial arterioles and epicardial vessels to UK14304 were depressed by LVH. In the presence of Nω-nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA), EDHF solely accounts for BK-induced relaxations; it fully compensates for the loss of NO in arterioles, but only partially in epicardial arteries isolated from LVH swine. Endothelium-independent relaxations induced by SNP were not altered in both vessel types from the LVH group.

In a porcine model of LVH secondary to 60 days of aortic banding, the associated coronary endothelial dysfunction preferentially involves Gi-protein mediated relaxations in arterioles and arteries but also affects Gq-protein mediated relaxations in epicardial coronary arteries.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles