Subcutaneous lesions and bacteraemia due to Stenotrophomonas maltophilia in three leukaemic patients with neutropenia

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Subcutaneous lesions were seen in three of 13 neutropenia patients who had Stenotrophomonas (Xanthomonas) maltophilia bacteraemia. The characteristic clinical presentation resembled leukaemic infiltrates, and were different from deep ulcers or subcutaneous nodules caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The three patients had acute leukaemia and were treated with intensive combination chemotherapy. All had previously been treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics, and each patient recovered after proper combination antibiotic treatment given according to sensitivity testing.

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